Disney legend, Bob Gurr, proves the point that what doesn’t kill us makes us stronger. Or does it? Journey back to the toxic 1950’s with a survivor of better living through chemistry.

Today’s Wheel of Years has stopped at 1955, so here we go. On September 13, 1955, just as Disneyland’s opening summer season was winding down, Los Angeles suffered one of it’s smoggiest days ever. I was downtown that afternoon when everything turned a dark yellow, the sun was a dim circle, and you could see maybe one block. Folks were coughing, my eyes hurt real bad – it was awful. After a few hours one could see for two blocks – what a relief!

That was the day that science declared war on air pollution and a move was made towards environmental protection. I was there and never forgot that day. How did this smog stuff happen? It may seem totally nuts today, but back then most everything citizens did created air pollution. Gasoline powered cars left horrible fumes, paints created toxic gasses, oil refineries pumped out terrible smoke 24 hours a day, and the backyard incinerators belched the worst guck of all. Everyone had one, because there was not much in the way of city trash pick up at the time. You burned your stuff – paper, garbage, dead animals – my favorite was the smell of burning chicken feathers. That really upset the neighborhood!


On the winter mornings in the San Fernando Valley, temperatures would drop below freezing. The local agricultural farms protected their crops from freezing by burning crude oil in smudge pots, creating heat while belching out black smoke. When I would go out before dawn on my paper route, the smell was like burning rubber. As the sun rose, you couldn’t see much sky – just a dark gray pall of oily fog. We had a frost warning service that advised everyone by radio the night before of the forecast temperatures and when to go out and fire up the pots.

We grew apricots which I prepared for converting into dried fruit by placing racks of sliced fruit over trays of burning sulfur. It looked real neat at night with a weird blue glow, and I loved to sniff the interesting fumes. No one gave a thought to eating sulfur dried apricots. Something else had a very unique smell too – cyanide ant poison. I’d pour the powder grains down the ant holes, all the time enjoying the pleasant smell of cyanide gas. In the fall I’d trim our fruit trees, gather the cuttings into big piles, then setting off the biggest bonfire I could – great clouds of white smoke – oh glory.

Lots of folks smoked cigars and cigarettes – anywhere anytime, well maybe not in church, but our school teachers sure lit up in their break areas during recess. The fancy ashtray business was real big. Look at old photos of the Disney Studio animator’s furniture sometime – pretty classy big tall cigar stands everywhere. No one gave a thought to kids smelling all this stuff at home. Falling asleep with a cigarette and burning down the house was pretty common.

If you lived a bit far out of town and had no city trash or garbage service. you’d dig a big pit in the back yard, just heave garbage and tin cans from the kitchen out into it. After a number of years it’d be fun to rake thru the rusty cans to see if there was anything interesting to play with. Best part was digging thru other folks garbage pits for burned treasure. Yep, when the pit pile got too high, just set it on fire – that would compact it way down alright, smelly burn going on for days.


Lead pencils were a favorite. You could lick the tips while figuring out your test papers, since it was a unique flavor. Sometimes a kid would come to school with a container of liquid mercury. Now this stuff was way popular. You could roll it around in the palm of your hand, since it could be jiggled into big globules from tiny beads if you did it just right. How could this stuff be dangerous – it never soaked into your skin, it was a liquid metal.


Another neat trick was to get some movie film and roll some into tight rolls and stuff them into outdoor water faucets. When you’d light the stuff on fire and turn on the water, the nitrate film would flame and smoke madly creating a lot of attention. I didn’t learn until much later why movie studios have fire protected film vaults – nitrate is worse than dynamite. My mother would send me to the local gas station with a gallon glass jug to fill it with cleaning solvent. She’d dry clean our nice clothes with it. And the fumes from this work also had a neat smell. What if I’d dropped the jug, or a spark ignited the stuff while she was cleaning?

in 1955 the Disneyland Autopia cars surely did their part in adding to the smog of the times. Today I think the smoggiest place in Orange County just has to be Autopia with it’s inefficient little single cylinder gasoline powered cars. Now that so much of our environment is nearly free of of all the toxic stuff we created so long ago, it does seem weird that Autopia lives on almost unchanged over nearly sixty years, still puffing out it’s miniature smog. I’d love to see an electric Autopia car someday.


With virtually all American life now well protected, how the heck did we ever survive all the raw pollution that we now know should have killed us long ago. Maybe I’m living proof of having escaped all those times unscathed – or do I have a toxic internal time bomb ticking away? I’m age 82 – I’ll bet I’ll out-tick it.


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Bob Gurr is a true Disney legend who was hired on to design the Autopia for Disneyland. Over nearly four decades, Bob would become famous for developing the Monorails, Submarines, Flying Saucers, antique cars and double-decker buses of Main Street, Ford Motor Company’s Magic Skyway (at the 1964-65 New York World’s Fair), Omnimover ride system, Matterhorn and lots more. It has been said that if it moves, Bob probably played a part.

Upon leaving Imagineering in 1981, Bob worked on a number of “leisure-time spectaculars” and “fantastical beasts” for parks and developments all over the world. Most notably, he created King Kong and Conan’s Serpent for Universal Studios Hollywood, A UFO for the closing ceremonies of the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Olympics, and the memorable T-Rex figure featured in Steven Spielberg’s motion picture “Jurassic Park.”

You can find Bob’s column, Design: Those Were The Times, right here on MiceChat. Though don’t pin Bob down to a schedule, he’s busy being “retired.”

  • Bob, you are a delight and I’ve no doubt that you’ll outlast us all!!!

    I’m with you 100% that the current Autopia cars are no longer futuristic and should be replaced with electric. OR, if they want to extend their Star Wars theme, perhaps make them landspeeders.

    Here’s to less toxic times and smog-free Autopia! Cheers.

  • rstar

    Bob, OMG! I can’t believe all of that went on back then! I was born in 1959 so I just caught the tail end of it. But growing up in the San Gabriel Valley, I remember days in the early 1970’s when we had the enversion layer trap in the smog so bad on hot days in the summer that I would go outside and take a deep breath. This would burn my lungs and cause a wonderful coughing fit. Ah, the joys of boyhood! Tick on, my friend!

  • ntz4bbl

    Wow! That’s some amazing stuff that I never knew about!

  • KingEric

    Great article Bob! I wold love love love to see Autotopia get turned into Electric cars like in Hong Kong! Or have autotopia replaced with something like self driving cars on a trackless environment, all zig zagging, and criss crossing, without a driver.

  • SpectroMan

    Every time I get in line for the Monorail in Tomorrowland, I’m annoyed by the horrible fumes from the Autopia. You’d really think they would have mitigated this in the 80’s, at least. It’s far past time for electric. Thanks, Bob!

  • xboxtravis7992

    So pencil lead was once really lead, and here I was always thinking it has always been graphite.

    Funny thing about those backyard pits, I still see them in parts of very rural Utah. However the pollution from lighting the thing on fire is probably not as bad when there is very few people in the area, I can’t imagine lighting those things of on the edge of Los Angeles!

    Sometimes though, I wonder if California has gone to far with their vigilance to remove toxicity. Here in Utah we like to joke about products with stickers saying, “Contains Materials Known By the State Of California to Cause Cancer.” I like to tease they can only cause cancer only when they are inside the State of California! Not to mention, near the entrance of Disneyland is a small sign saying Disneyland contains things which cause cancer.

  • davidrusk

    My favorite articles on Micechat are yours and this one was once again a wonderful read. How you are still alive is amazing, unless of course you’re actually an audioanimatronics version of the real Bob Gurr. I remember my dentist giving me some mercury to play with after a checkup! I’m very surprised (ok, maybe not because of the cost) that Disney hasn’t modified the cars to be electric with sound effects. Thanks for another entertaining and educational article!

  • EasyRover

    Nevermind the guests who have to inhale the exhaust from the Tomorrowland Speedway/Autopia, I can’t imagine being a cast member and having to work and huff down fumes like that all day.

  • JulieMouse

    Wow…interesting stuff!! It’s amazing you made it through with all brain cells firing!! It was great seeing you last Saturday and as I get to know more and more about you through your articles and hearing you speak, I have no doubt that you will definitely out-tick whatever gets in your way!!

  • JiminyCricketFan

    The whole area of Autopia can be rethought out for a new attraction. I can see preserving some of Autopia wiht some new vehicles, but also include a couple other rides in that area. I say have a ride that aims more toward teens along with the Autopia ride that certainly is a thrill for kids, but for most others is boring.

  • Prof. Emelius

    I for one would love to see Autopia revamped as an all electric highway of tomorrow. Once again it would be promoting the future, just like it once did in the 1950’s when the national freeway system as we know it today was still being built, and just the idea of efficient stoplight free expansions of highway was a futuristic concept in itself. If Disney would team up with an automobile company who produces electric vehicles to act as the new sponsor of the attraction, and use it as a way to promote a future that uses all electric vehicles, it would once again be showcasing the future just like it was originally intended to do back in ’55, and again Autopia would have a legitimate purpose and need to be a part of Tomorrowland other than just nostalgia. I am so happy that an authority like Bob Gurr feels this way too. Perhaps this will help push this idea into becoming a reality when the planned Tomorrowland refurbishment takes place in the upcoming years ahead. Fingers crossed.

    • joihan777

      Completely concur. Young people get so much from this attraction! Inspiring young people through fun, creativity & thoughtfulness is the essence of Autopia, I hope Disney “Keeps Moving Forward!”

  • Omnispace

    Thanks for such a great article. Don’t forget how much fun asbestos was to play with!

    I agree about Autopia being a bit smoggy but it’s the place where I actually got to “drive” a car as a kid so I have a special fondness for it. I went on it recently and it’s still a lot of fun. There needs to space preserved in Disneyland for such simple pleasures. Not everyone thinks it’s boring.

  • daveinfontana

    There once was a rumor when Chevron left as sponsor of The Autopia that Honda would be asked and they would convert to battery powered cars. I guess that never will happen.

  • joihan777

    Hi Bob,
    Thank you for your relevant article! I distinctly remember a summer I spent in Los Angeles when I was walking down a street in a small suburb. The sky was quite clear that morning and for the first time I saw that there were mountains behind the town! I had not seen them for the whole month I was there!!!! Hopefully, things will improve.

    I’ve been thinking about the future of Autopia for a while now. The whole ride, not just the cars, remind of the Disney Encyclopedia set I had when I was a child. The curved, non-stop roadways passing through seemingly futuristic byways & monorail tracks are wonderful and seem to capture the essence of driving. But the cars are dated, and though the roadway is still fun & exciting for the younger ones, the decor is a bit… sparse.

    I think ‘re-imagineering’ the ride to update the cars and the decor would vastly update the experience without abandoning the sheer joy of driving. The cars could be battery powered, and the cockpit can be modernized to simulate ‘space-cars’ or something else futuristic. ‘Hover-fields’ i.e. multi-colored LEDs, can glow from under the cars @ night to create an ‘anti-gravity’ feeling. The roadways themselves can have directional lights built in. ‘Holo-signs’ can adorn the roadways.
    There can even be an indoor section that simulates passing through a ‘futuristic city’.

    What do you think? Whatever happens, I pray Disney never abandons this wonderful attraction! All three of my children took their first ‘driving lessons’ here, and I hope to do it again with my grandchildren! Thanks again!

  • Werner

    Great article! It’s funny — I remember how I used to love the old subs’ diesel fumes….combined with the chlorine smell from the lagoon, it was quite the olfaction! Ha! Good times….

  • Tielo

    Unfortunately, the U.S. produces an estimated 30% of the world’s waste and uses 25% of the world’s resources. I was shocked when I bought a house in Florida and it had not standard double glazing, no floor, wall or roof isolation. The washing machine and the dishwasher didn’t check if everything was clean and stopped but just kept going until the program ended. It took even years before we could buy a LED bulb. It’s great Disney and Universal are actively doing something about pollution but I wish they did more and their guests to. Having asthma is no fun when there is so much pollution.

  • HeeHee

    My mother-in-law tells the story of how her mum would give her Vicks Vapor Rub as a treat-yes, they ATE it (with sugar-no, I am not making this up). I’d make fun of it but she’s 74 and can out-party anyone I know (she LOVES jello shots lol). Perhaps the shear fun of finding buried treasures in a garbage pit or eating Vick’s covered in sugar disables the toxicity! 🙂

    Great article Bob~I just adore you!

  • Akikaze27

    I have never heard of any of the things you mentioned so this was so interesting to read! All I ever heard about my parents and grandparents time was how blue the sky was and how clear the ocean used to be. School definitely didn’t teach me any of this!

  • MWH1980

    Wow. Makes my idea fora story about a girl reacting to chemicals that would bring ‘a better way of life’ seem to work in the.early 50’s (been saying for 5 years, I’m gonna write it.

    I too think it’d be a great sign of the times if Autopia did go electric. If some say ‘the future is electric,’ it’d make a whole lotta sense. In my dream world, Tesla would sponsor Autopia. Though one can hope the development of these cars would bring more joy than the now-deceased Rocket Rods.

  • Meville

    Wonderful article Bob. Thanks for your great stores and insight!

    I suppose the current generation (myself) take much for granted, including the ability to see for more than 3 city blocks on a hazy day!

  • MRaymond

    I guess this is where the old saying came from; “Never trust air you can’t see.”

    It’s time for Autopia to go electric. With electric cars you can now put part of the track indoors and add some theme. Change the landscaping and it could make for a killer ride for all ages. Tron, landspeeders, etc.

    Thank You, Bob, for the memory cell jolt.

  • SeaSiren421

    Great article, Bob! My husband and I have been having an issue with this for a very long time. Ya know, the Parks change things (HATES NOT BEING ABLE TO CANOODLE WITH MY SWEETHEART ON THE MATTERHORN EVER AGAIN) so trivial, but for something that raises such a health and environmental issue, it would seem a no-brainer to turn it electric. Especially with Chevron gone, wish they would – we avoid that area completely because of the fumes. Love the nostalgia and all and I know, we lived with our parents smoking in the car with the windows rolled up, but Autopia really needs to lose the toxicity…